5 Most Coveted Offshore Petroleum Reserves
science.howstuffworks.com by Robert Lamb
– Protected U.S. Coasts
– Brazilian Coasts
– The Arctic
– Ultra-Deep Waters
Top 10 Countries With The World’s Biggest Oil Reserves
By Aarti Nagraj/April 14, 2013/ from Gulf Business
Who is on this list? gulfbusiness.com
Countries With The Most Oil
from Forbes/ forbes.com
SCIENCE AND INNOVATION
Clean Coal; In the near-term, advanced technologies that increase the power generation efficiency for new plants and technologies to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from new and existing industrial and power-producing plants are being developed. In the longer term,..>>
– Fuel cells
– Coals to Liquids
– Major Demonstrations
– Cross Cutting Research
Carbon Capture and Storage Research
– Capture; DOE’s Carbon Capture Program, administered by the Office of Fossil Energy and implemented at the National Energy Technology Laboratory, is conducting research and development activities on advanced carbon capture technologies that have the potential to provide step-change reductions in both cost and energy penalty as compared to currently available First Generation technologies. The Carbon Capture Program consists of two core research Technology Areas:
Post-Combustion Capture; Post-combustion capture is primarily applicable to fossil fuel based systems such as conventional pulverized coal (PC)-fired power plants, where the fuel is burned with air in a boiler to produce steam that drives a turbine/generator to produce electricity. The carbon dioxide (CO2) is captured from the flue gas after fuel combustion.
Pre-Combustion Capture. Pre-combustion capture is applicable to integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants, where solid fuel is converted into gaseous components (“syngas”) by applying heat under pressure in the presence of steam and oxygen. In this case, the carbon is captured from the syngas before completing the combustion process.
– Storage Carbon dioxide storage in geologic formations includes oil and gas reservoirs, unmineable coal seams, and deep saline reservoirs. These are structures that have stored crude oil, natural gas, brine and CO2 over millions of years.
– Utilization The Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage R&D program advances safe, cost effective, capture and permanent geologic storage and/or use of CO2. The technologies developed and large-volume injection tests conducted through this program will be used to benefit the existing and future fleet of fossil fuel power generating facilities by creating tools to increase our understanding of geologic reservoirs appropriate for CO2storage and the behavior of CO2 in the subsurface.
ARCTIC OIL AND NATURAL GAS POTENTIAL
An Enormous Undiscovered Resource
Arctic Oil and Natural Gas Provinces Map: The United States Geological Survey estimates that over 87% of the Arctic’s oil and natural gas resource (about 360 billion barrels oil equivalent) is located in seven Arctic basin provinces: Amerasian Basin, Arctic Alaska Basin, East Barents Basin, East Greenland Rift Basin, West Greenland-East Canada Basin, West Siberian Basin, and the Yenisey-Khatanga Basin. Map by Geology.com and MapResources.  …>>
– Arctic Oil and Natural Gas Resource Basins
– Jurisdiction of the Arctic
– Challenges of Oil & Gas Exploration in the Arctic
– Why Arctic Exploration is so Expensive