PETROLEUM- Transportion Crude to Refineries, Pipeline


More than 190,000 miles of liquid petroleum pipelines traverse the United States. They connect producing areas to refineries and chemical plants while delivering the products American consumers and businesses need. Pipelines are safe, efficient and, because most are buried, largely unseen. They move crude oil from oil fields on land and offshore to refineries where it is turned into fuels and other products, then from the refineries to terminals where fuels are trucked to retail outlets. Pipelines operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week…>>
– Where Are The Pipelines?
– Pipeline Safety
– Landowner Relations
and many more>>

Pipeline 101

Why Do We Need Pipelines?
Crude oil pipelines are the foundation of our liquid energy supply. Crude oil has traditionally been collected by pipelines from inland production areas like Texas, Wyoming, North Dakota, Louisiana, Alaska, and western Canada. The American energy renaissance has seen new areas of domestic energy production, including Colorado, North Dakota, Ohio and New York, spurring additional pipeline development to move crude oil and natural gas to ensure consumers are benefiting from our nation’s energy renaissance. Pipelines also move crude oil produced far offshore in coastal waters.  >>

How Do Pipelines Work?
There are two general types of energy pipelines – liquid petroleum pipelines and natural gas pipelines.

Within the liquid petroleum pipeline network there are crude oil lines, refined product lines, highly volatile liquids (HVL) lines, and carbon dioxide lines (CO2). Crude oil is also subdivided in to ‘Gathering Lines’ and ’Transmission Lines”.

First, gathering lines are very small pipelines usually from 2 to 8 inches in diameter in the areas of the country where crude oil is found deep within the earth. These gathering lines exist all over the country but the bulk of them are located  primarily in Texas, North Dakota, California, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Louisiana, and Wyoming with small systems in a number of other oil producing states.

The larger cross-country crude oil transmission pipelines…>>


Pipeline Construction: Step by Step Guide

The current natural gas pipeline boom gives many homeowners a first row seat to the process of pipeline construction. The rush to move natural gas to markets places pipelines too-close-to home, with construction taking place in backyards, farms, pastures, and right at the mailboxes of residents throughout the country. This page walks you through the process of a natural gas pipeline currently being constructed.
Getting started: After all federal and state level permits are approved and easement agreements or eminent domain condemnations completed, the process…>>
Step 1: Construction Staging Areas & Storage Yards
Step 2: Clear Cutting the ROW
Step 3: Excavating the Trench
Step 4: Pipe Transport, Stringing, & Assembly
Step 5: Obstacles: Roads & Streams
Step 6: Testing & Restoration