History of Hydropower
Humans have been harnessing water to perform work for thousands of years. The Greeks used water wheels for grinding wheat into flour more than 2,000 years ago. The evolution of the modern hydropower turbine began in the mid-1700s when a French hydraulic and military engineer, Bernard Forest de Bélidor wrote Architecture Hydraulique.
In 1880, a dynamo driven by a water turbine was used to provide arc lighting– a technique where an electric spark in the air between two conductors produces a light – to a theatre and storefront in Grand Rapids, Michigan,…See the timeline>> energy.gov