Consensus definition: A renewable energy source, biofuels are gas or liquid fuels made from plant or other biological material (biomass).
History of Biodiesel
Rudolf Diesel invented the diesel engine in the 1890s. From the beginning, this engine could run on a variety of fuels, including vegetable oil. In 1900, one of the new diesel engines featured at the Paris Exposition was powered by peanut oil. However, because cheap petroleum fuels were easily available, few people were interested in alternatives (Pahl, 2005, pp. 18-22).
As early as the 1930s, there was interest in splitting the fatty acids from the glycerin in vegetable oil in order to create a thinner product similar to petroleum diesel. In 1937, G. Chavanne was granted a Belgian patent for an ethyl ester of palm oil (which today we would call biodiesel). In 1938, a passenger bus fueled with palm oil ethyl ester plied the route between Brussels and Louvain (Knothe, 2005, p. 10).
During World War II (1939 to 1945), when petroleum fuel supplies were interrupted, vegetable oil was used as fuel by several countries, including Brazil, Argentina, China, India, and Japan. However, when the war ended and petroleum supplies were again cheap and plentiful, vegetable oil fuel was forgotten…>>
– Modern Interest in Biodiesel
– Growth of the Biodiesel Industry
– Controversies Surrounding Biodiesel
– Future of Biodiesel
THE HISTORY OF BIODIESEL
History of Bio Diesel Fuel
A Brief History Of Biofuels: From Ancient History To Today